NT = near threatened The Monarchinae are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines, many of which hunt by flycatching. Careful observation reveals a very rich bird life--sea birds (terns, boobies, frigatebirds, petrels and shearwaters) touching land here to breed; interesting migrant shorebirds (even bristle-thighed curlews from Alaska) winter during Samoa's summer; and a nearly intact native rainforest avifauna has residents. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter. Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Our K-12 program partners with educators in Central America to connect kids with birds. This article also includes birds found in the other U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Minor Outlying Islands). They flycatch or take prey from the ground. x��ۖd�q�yO�:� $�| @� V ����ꋩ������Y/����~3߱#+2��VK�������f�������_���:-����?�}�ߖ�k���/��r����W?�u���]��?��D6"�w���-�MS]f�]w���~�˟�y���~�=����������z�U�/�{��qu���S���߻�i��q������/���0~���W]��N����isZN��*w��������6?�u�������埖�W�'h��W�_�vk�p�_���+>��;��Zm_nV���Ɵ[&a�)�>�̈́W[Z:�#�Gx��?�d �X�a��$����-o�����"šSX ��cM��f��}˦��@%��r}fzd�Z���%�Z4A+�W�&���z�?�}�������r��Z�����q�|nw����^~������?._������w/_}x���go>�����g_��=���j}�YoW/�힭����ϾZ}x��l�>x8����/6���ӳW�?����W�����֫gw_߽����X? The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. The plumage of several species is dark with a metallic sheen. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers. Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 m) tall, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. But as indicated by their scientific name, derived from the Ancient Greek for girdle-eye, there is a conspicuous ring around the eyes of many species. The members of this family are found throughout Africa, Asia, and Polynesia. However some groups unique to the New World have also arisen; those represented in this list are the hummingbirds, the New World vultures, the New World quail, the tyrant flycatchers, the vireos, the mimids, the New World warblers, the tanagers, the cardinals, and the icterids. They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. As the name implies, most are insectivorous. They differ, however in a number of characteristics, including the movable headcrest, and their lack of the Dyck texture feather composition, which gives many parrots their iridescent colors. They are strong, acrobatic fliers. × These dainty birds resemble Old World warblers in their structure and habits, moving restlessly through the foliage seeking insects. Their flight is fast and graceful like that of a swallow or a tern, with many twists and turns to pursue their prey. The habitat of the ospreys isconsidered to be cosmopolitan since they can be found in every continent save forAlaska. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae. Instead, most of the significant revisions affect the names and taxonomies of birds in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. They have short legs and sit very upright when perched, like a shrike. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae. Finfoots resemble rails; they have long necks, slender bodies, broad tails, and sharp, pointed bills. Many parrots are vividly colored, and some are multi-colored. Order: Galliformes   Family: Megapodiidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Leiothrichidae. They are smallish birds with tails that are usually long and pointed, and tend to be drab brownish or buffy all over. They are usually found in open woodland, reedbeds, or tall grass. These birds have strong legs and many are quite terrestrial. The limpkin is an odd bird that looks like a large rail, but is skeletally closer to the cranes. The AOS Checklist of North and Middle American Birds provides the taxonomic and nomenclatural foundation for bird research, conservation, and education in North and Middle America. The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. Aleutian Tern. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae. Some have crests. 40 of the Most Colorful Birds of North America (With Pictures) Starlings and mynas are small to medium-sized Old World passerine birds with strong feet. It is gray overall and adults have a bright yellow head and rufous "shoulder patch" (the lesser coverts). Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae. Cockatoos are also, on average, larger than the true parrots. Their most unusual feature for birds classed as waders is that they typically hunt their insect prey on the wing like swallows, although they can also feed on the ground. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae. Different lengths of legs and bills enable multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. Useful list of birds in English with example sentences. Skuas are in general medium to large birds, typically with gray or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds which includes the avocets and stilts. 2020 NATIONAL BIRD LIST 1) Special Characters: indicates vocalizations that may be tested & * indicates an introduced, widespread Species 2) The taxonomic scheme is based upon the 7th edition Checklist of North American Birds, American Ornithologists’ Union, and www.allaboutbirds.org 2019 Cornell University Laboratory of Ornithology. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Each page of Book of North American Birds has a full-color picture of male and female, or adult and immature, to show variations; also shown are the bird's range, and another little illustration of some behavior of the bird. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. The Monarchinae are a relatively recent grouping of a number of seemingly very different birds, mostly from the Southern Hemisphere, which are more closely related than they at first appear. Emberizidae is a family of passerine birds containing a single genus. Both groups are medium-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. Y/7���a����Q���vӰ�1��-�߫����~{>�F�eq�0U}��� They have short wings and thin down-turned bills. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Scotocercidae. However, accentors have thin sharp bills, reflecting their diet of insects in summer, augmented with seeds and berries in winter. Cockatoos share many features with true parrots (family Psittacidae) including the characteristic curved beak shape and a zygodactyl foot, with two forward toes and two backwards toes. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails, and powerful bills and feet. Data provided by IUCN Red List. These are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills, most of which breed in sub-Saharan Africa, with fewer species in tropical Asia. They share the colorful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. They mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia, and to a lesser extent Africa. The waxwings are a group of passerine birds with soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. Order:Passeriformes   Family: Nesospingidae. In the Bohemian and cedar waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax and give the group its name. They feed on seeds, fruit, and plants. They are usually solitary except when they pair up to construct their conspicuous nests. The members of this family are small passerine birds native to the Old World tropics. Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae. More About Education. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails, and strong legs. The sexes usually have distinct plumages. Alder Flycatcher. EX = extinct. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The vireos are a group of small to medium-sized passerine birds mostly restricted to the New World, though a few other species in the family are found in Asia. This report, however, has not been universally accepted and the American Birding Association still lists the ivory-billed woodpecker as extinct. JOIN AMERICAN BIRD CONSERVANCY. Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae. Though mainly insectivorous, they eat nectar and fruits of various kinds. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees. Trogons have soft, often colorful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. It includes species from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and all U.S. territories. These are mainly small arboreal insectivores, many of which, as the name implies, take their prey on the wing. The guans and curassows live in trees, but the smaller chachalacas are found in more open scrubby habitats. Many parrots are vividly colored, and some are multi-colored. The birds of this group are mostly of undistinguished appearance, their plumage above being generally some dull color like greenish-olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast, or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. With the new insights generated by the DNA-DNA hybridisation studies of Sibley and his co-workers toward the end of the 20th century, however, it became clear that these apparently unrelated birds were all descended from a common ancestor. Many species have distinctive black head patterns (especially males) and long, regularly cocked, black-and-white tails. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings, and a short bill with a wide gape. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. The life’s work of both a lover and observer of birds and nature. The family occurs mostly in southern to western Eurasia and surroundings, but also ranges far into the Pacific, with some species in Africa. Owls in the family Tytonidae are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. Top 15 Most Popular Bird Species in North America Ruby-Throated Hummingbird. Many of the approximately 140 species making up the family were previously assigned to other groups, largely on the basis of general morphology or behavior. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae. Pandionidae is a monotypic family of fish-eating birds of prey. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae. Hawaii has many endemic bird species (such as the KauaÊ»i Ê»elepaio) that are vulnerable or endangered, and some have become extinct. They are small to medium-sized birds. Weavers are a group of small passerine birds related to the finches. The Calcariidae are a group of passerine birds that had been traditionally grouped with the New World sparrows, but differ in a number of respects and are usually found in open grassy areas. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Order: Passeriformes   Family: Spindalidae. Author: Rick Chapo If you're a birder, you want to keep a list of sightings when you bird watch. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Polioptilidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cardinalidae. Finches are seed-eating passerine birds that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. They are very small insectivorous birds in the single genus Regulus. Many birds are experiencing major population declines and need our help more than ever. Both sexes produce this highly nutritious substance to feed to the young. Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae. The bulbuls are a family of medium-sized passerine songbirds native to Africa and tropical Asia. All species are brood parasites which lay their eggs in the nests of estrildid finches. Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. Extirpated Exotics With the 2014 changes to the Recording Rules and Interpretations , species in this appendix may now be counted on official lists submitted to the ABA’s Listing Central if: Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. The number of birds on Guam has been severely reduced by introduced brown tree snakes[1][2] — several endemic species on Guam (such as the Guam flycatcher) have become extinct, while others (such as the Guam rail) have become extinct in the wild. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country, and they eat insects and fruit. Trogons do not migrate. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more secretive. The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses of the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. The song is a trisyllabic oop-oop-oop, which gives rise to its English and scientific names. Though the members of this family are similar in many respects to the southern storm-petrels, including their general appearance and habits, there are enough genetic differences to warrant their placement in a separate family. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Cacatuidae. They are gregarious birds which often breed colonially. They are typically associated with open woodland. This species was formerly classified as a tanager (family Thraupidae) but was placed in its own family in 2017. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short thick necks, and long, usually pointed, wings. Their bodies tend to be elongated, the neck more so, with rather long legs. These birds have colorful plumage and resembles kingfishers, but have flattened bills with serrated edges. The laughingthrushes are a large family of Old World passerine birds. More information. The latest update published in 2014, is the fifth since the initial State of the Birds report was released in 2009. The majority of this list is derived from the Check-list of North and Middle American Birds, 7th edition through the 61st Supplement, published by the American Ornithological Society (AOS). Most are rather plain olivaceous brown above with much yellow to beige below. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. Most eat a mixed diet which includes insects. Gulls are typically gray or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Nyctibiidae. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. Detailed information for more than 600 North American bird species, including ID help, browse by shape and taxonomy, and deeper articles. We’re celebrating 25 years of conserving wild birds and their habitats throughout the Americas! The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Loons swim well and fly adequately, but are almost hopeless on land, because their legs are placed towards the rear of the body. This black, white, and pink bird is quite unmistakable, especially in its erratic flight, which is like that of a giant butterfly. Most, but not all, are rather plain. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Thirty-three are known to be extinct and one, the thick-billed parrot, has been extirpated though a population remains in Mexico. In size they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. In service to the natural world, we work with communities around the globe to inspire and inform conservation. They are rather diverse in size and coloration, but are characterized by soft fluffy plumage. The Arctic warbler breeds east into Alaska. This year’s changes to the official Check-list of North American Birds include the long-expected return of Mexican Duck to full species status, a so-called “lump” among crows, and recognition of new songbird species in Middle America.. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. Accentors are small, fairly drab species superficially similar, but unrelated to, sparrows. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae. You can download a complete list of all bird species in the North and Middle America Checklist in CSV format. The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. One species, the Guam flycatcher, is extinct because of the introduced brown tree snake on Guam. This group is not strongly migratory and most species have short rounded wings and a weak flight. With a wing span of an astonishing 3m, and a face only a Condor mama could love, these striking predators are absolutely awe-inspiring to see in full flight and probably one of the biggest Birds in South America. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers. The family has three species and only the sungrebe is found in the New World. Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails, and long tongues used for capturing insects. For species found in the 50 states, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, the taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) used in this list are those of the AOS, the recognized scientific authority on the taxonomy and nomenclature of North and Middle American birds. Species usually have black or indigo predominating in their plumage. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae. The chachalacas, guans, and curassows are birds in the family Cracidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae. All have twelve tail feathers and nine primaries. Many have attractive songs. American Samoa is rich in bird life. stream Order: Pterocliformes   Family: Pteroclidae. Until 2017, the New World sparrows (Passerellidae) were also considered part of this family. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. Members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted, unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises, and spoonbills. EN = endangered Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae. Having the largest wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds that usually nest on the ground. 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