(2) Division of powers between the Centre and States leads to administrative efficiency: With the division of powers, the burden of work on the centre is lessened and the centre has not to bother about the problems of a purely local nature. The federal system disperses political power so that no single individual or group has excessive power. At the end of this chapter, students should be able to: 1. An advantage of a federal government system is federal unity. Federalism allows the government to become more responsive to individual needs. (5) This system is more advantageous to the smaller states: This system is more advantageous to smaller states, because they cannot defend themselves independently and establish diplomatic relations with other countries, which entails a lot of expenditure. If you decide to travel to a different town in a neighboring county, then you’re still subject to your own local laws in some situations, while also being required to follow what is expected in that other community. It is very hard for a central authority to govern the entirety of a large country at once. Now you know what some of the arguments are for and against the type of power-sharing system of federalism that is found in the United States. Solution at grass-root level: The local self government solves the problems of rural people at the grass-root level. Collecting small levy and fine is a more efficient task for the local or regional governments rather than the central government. This is why federalism is such a great advantage. The central government has no true way to understand what issues and changes need to be made in every area of the country. Revisit your answers and add/change them after reading more about the 4 benefits. Also Study: Pros and Cons of Federal Government System A disadvantage of federalism is the lack of accountability. Fifty states of America could not have become so powerful if they had not joined the American Federation. Some of the pros and cons of federalism will be given, with reasons as to why it is believed that the benefits of federalism outweight its detriments. (PLEASE NOTE: I do not necessarily agree with these argument against federalism, but they are arguments given primarily by the political left to rationalize why we should take away power from state and local governments and give more centralized power to the federal government. The smaller branches of the local governments are right in the middle of the local society. Federation is the only way to address the diversity within a country population. They occupy a position of prestige in the international field only because of their partnership in the Indian Union. Many americans feel tied closely to their home state, since federalism helps maintain a connection with the power given to the states. Advantages. (3) People take more interest in local and regional affairs: In a federal government the provinces, regions or the states enjoy separate rights and they have separate cabinets and legislatures. The Advantages and Arguments Against Federal System of Government 5. This prevents one solitary body from being able to control every aspect of governing over a population. Another advantage of federalism is that because our federal system creates two levels of government with the capacity to take action, failure to attain a desired policy goal at one level can be offset by successfully securing the support of elected representatives at another level. 7. Unitary governments can easily replicate. In this way cultural and administrative autonomy is given to different nationalities and regions and matters like Defence, Foreign Affairs, Communication, etc., are given to the centre. When a government is closer to its citizens, then it can provide a responsive solution when there are citizen needs, emergency situations, or changes that are necessary in the structure of laws. The structure of the world state cannot be unitary; it can only be federal. Because the government is centralized in a unitary structure, it can place satellites at virtually any location very quickly. See the list of advantages below: In a unitary state, citizens only owe their allegiance to the central government. When a centralized government is not the only power in a count… Similarly, the citizenship of New York or Texas is not as dignified as that of the United States of America. This cycle tends to be more likely in more liberal states, and in states that are more likely to be affected by recessions of that state’s primary economic sectors, have less of a culture of self-sufficiency, and don’t have term limit laws, as well as a host of other similar things. The main advantage of a federal government is that in a country where there are many diversities and the establishment of a unitary government is not possible, a political organisation can be established through this form of Government. When it comes to the system of federalism that we practice in the United States, there are many advantages as well as disadvantages. The federal division of powers hampers the rise of despotic central government and thus protects liberty. Main Features of a Federal Government 4. To become more democratic means that you allow people to have more and more control over the laws and policies that govern them, which is done by putting more control over law creation on the state and local level, rather than putting more of that control in the hands of the federal government, which is about as far away from our ability to determine the laws that govern us as possible. Another advantage of federalism is that because our federal system creates two levels of government with the capacity to take action, failure to attain a desired policy goal at one level can be offset by successfully securing the support of elected representatives at another level. 10. There are many advantages and disadvantages to our federal system of government, the benefits of which many believe outweigh the negatives. 5. Further, its easier to give specific directions if you can narrow things down by state boundaries. This is the position in India, West Germany, Austria, the United States of America, Australia, Brazil and Canada. An advantage of federalism relevant to me is the loyalties fostered in the state. Benefit # 1: Federalism protects against the decisions of the majority infringing on the minority. Moreover, in this type of government some rights are given to the central government and the rest to the states or the provinces. [ Back to Top ]   [ more articles ]   [ Homepage ]. Because of provincial or regional autonomy, the administration of these areas becomes very efficient. In such countries only federal government is possible, because this system brings unity in diversity; the separate authority of the provinces is recognised and they are made autonomous. This could promote national unity. The world-known politicians are of the belief that world’s government is the only solution to the problem of world peace. For economic prosperity many plans have been executed in India. Since many Americans are strong supporters of this type of federalist government, let's give some counterarguments to the negative arguments given. Departmental System of Organisation: 3 Advantages | Public Administration, 7 Features of the Swiss Federal Legislature, Merits and Demerits of Flexible Constitution, Essay on Village Panchayats | India | Political Science, Essay on Communalism | India | Political Science, Directive Principles of State Policy | Essay | India | Political Science, Essay on Justice | India | Political Science. The advantages of federal government:The laws are passed in one sovereignty.The disadvantages:Too many rules will be passed making the people disappointed will be the cause of too much Propaganda! 1. The cycle goes something like this: 1) taxes are set at a certain level to pay for government and its present programs; 2) then the economy picks up, and tax revenues provide a surplus to the state (this includes revenues that come from federal government grant-in-aid programs that are formula-driven matching grants) ; 3) then the politicians, instead of lowering the tax rate, or saving excess monies for … Advantages of Federalism Advocates of federalism argue that it prevents the concentration of power by dispersing it. Notice: This website may be compensated by other websites for suggesting their services or products. Splitting the country up into manageable chunks makes it easier to govern. © 2017 PoliticalScienceNotes - All rights reserved Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us, © 2017 PoliticalScienceNotes - All rights reserved, Nature of the Division of Powers in Switzerland | Political System. Federalism offer… They could also not have enjoyed that prestige in international field, which they enjoy now as a strong nation. The cycle goes something like this: 1) taxes are set at a certain level to pay for government and its present programs; 2) then the economy picks up, and tax revenues provide a surplus to the state (this includes revenues that come from federal government grant-in-aid programs that are formula-driven matching grants) ; 3) then the politicians, instead of lowering the tax rate, or saving excess monies for a later time of economic downturn, decide to use that extra money to create a new government program that wins over the voting public so that they can re-elect him/her; 4) the voting public starts to get used to the new government program, depending on it and eventually taking it for granted; 5) then when the next economic downturn arrives, since the state now is running a deficit, the politicians have to convince the voting public that they need to raise taxes to cover the deficit, or face losing a program that they now depend on, in which case the public usually concedes to higher taxes in order to keep that program running; 6) then the taxes are once again set at a proper level to pay for government and its present programs, causing the cycle to start over once again. Advantages and Disadvantages of Parliamentary System of Government: Parliamentary system of government is also known as cabinet or westminister system of government.It is a government where all the executive powers are vested in a Prime Minister who is the head of government and head of the majority party or ruling party, but is not the head of state. It is a government in which all powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency. 1. Power is shared by a strong central government and states that are given significant self-rule. The advantages and disadvantages of Local Self Government is discussed below. This is also applicable to the Soviet Union, Brazil, Australia and West Germany. Advantages and disadvantages of federal, confederate and unitary systems of Government (standard 12.9.3) Unitary Government – It is often described as a centralized government. In the United States, a system of Federalism is in place because laws can be passed by a local government, the state government, or the national government. How Resources are Controlled In a Federal States. Diversity is always a problem in any form. A federal structure helps to offset governmental elitism. For this reason, a federal system of government is the best system of government for a multi-ethnic country. 2. 2. Here are some of the most important key points. The expenditure that they incur on their defence is also reduced, if they join together. Name American Government What are the Benefits of a Federal System? In a federation the centre looks after many common subjects, and the states have not to incur expenditure on them. For example, traffic congestion in Oahu, Hawaii is a problem that can be best solved by the local government, keeping local factors in mind, rather than by somebody living in New York. It creates less confusion over the governing process for the average citizen. (7) Distribution of powers checks the despotism of the Central Government: Division of powers between the states and the centre checks despotism, because the centralization of powers lead to dictatorship. The is no benefits in Federal System to any country. 3. Federalism System. Administrative and cultural autonomy has been given to different nationalities in the Soviet Union. Thus, central authority system have greater force than the federal system. Advantage of Federal Gov't Allows local states to exercise their own power in their individual states (self-rule) brings gov't closer to the people Disadvantage of Federal Gov't Sacrifices national uniformity on some particular issues (legalization of marijuana) therefore each states' matters differentiates. (10) It is good for economic and cultural progress: Federal government is not only useful from the defence point of view, but it is also good for economic and cultural progress. By reserving certain powers to … 20) An advantage of a federal system of government is that it 1.ensures speedy decisions 2.guarantees the most democratic approach to government 3.permits both national and local approaches to problems 4.is the least costly form of government *NOTE: Politics, as I see it, goes through a certain cycle, which is just as likely to occur on the state level as it does on the national level. (8) More suitable for the bigger countries: In countries where there are diversities of culture, religion, language and race and which have a large size, unitary government is not suitable. 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