Velociraptor (/vɪˈlɒsɪræptər/; meaning "swift seizer" in Latin)[1] is a genus of dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaur that lived approximately 75 to 71 million years ago during the latter part of the Cretaceous Period. [47] The Jurassic Park filmmakers also requested all of Ostrom's published papers on Deinonychus during production. According to paleontologist Alan Turner, A lack of quill knobs does not necessarily mean that a dinosaur did not have feathers. [50] In reality, Velociraptor, like many other maniraptoran theropods, was covered in feathers. These researchers proposed that, like accipitrids, the dromaeosaur would then begin to feed on the animal while it was still alive, and prey death would eventually result from blood loss and organ failure. Velociraptor, pronounced as ‘vell-os-eeraptor’ is considered to be a bird-like dinosaur which comes from two Latin words meaning “speed” and “robber”! (The real) Velociraptor measured up to 2,07 metres long, and weighed up to 15 kg. Smaller than other dromaeosaurids like Deinonychus and Achillobator, Velociraptor nevertheless shared many of the same anatomical features. They had an S-shaped neck, and their head was 7 inches in length. According to a user from United Kingdom, the name Velociraptor means "It comes from the Latin word 'velox' which means fast or swift and the Latin word 'raptor' which means robber.". Velociraptor is a genus under the family of Dromaeosauridae. [12][13] The skull, which grew up to 25 cm (10 in) long, was uniquely up-curved, concave on the upper surface and convex on the lower. W… However, at least one specimen has preserved a series of intact tail vertebrae curved sideways into an S-shape, suggesting that there was considerably more horizontal flexibility than once thought. The arms, which could exert a lot of force but were likely covered in long feathers, may have been used as flapping stabilizers for balance while atop a struggling prey animal, along with the stiff counterbalancing tail. [18] The fact that the ancestors of Velociraptor were feathered and possibly capable of flight had long suggested to paleontologists that Velociraptor bore feathers as well, since even flightless birds today retain most of their feathers. Deinonychus has also been found in association with the large ornithopod Tenontosaurus, which has been cited as evidence of cooperative (pack) hunting. [42], Velociraptor are well known for their role as vicious and cunning killers thanks to their portrayal in the 1990 novel Jurassic Park by Michael Crichton and its 1993 film adaptation, directed by Steven Spielberg. Tyrannosaurus (/tɨˌrænəˈsɔrəs/ or /taɪˌrænəˈsɔrəs/ (“tyrant lizard”, from the Ancient Greek tyrannos … Search for more names by meaning. So we designed it, we built it, and then they discovered it. For more about Dinosaurs: How to say VelociRaptor in English? The Velociraptor is the mascot for the NBA team the Toronto Raptors. It bore a relatively large, sickle-shaped claw, typical of dromaeosaurid and troodontid dinosaurs. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. The kiwi is similar to dromaeosaurids in anatomy, feather type, bone structure and even the narrow anatomy of the nasal passages (usually a key indicator of metabolism). These predatory adaptations working together may also have implications for the origin of flapping in paravians. A second species, V. osmolskae, was named in 2008 for skull material from Inner Mongolia, China. The name was chosen by paleontologist Henry F. Osborn in 1924, after he discovered the fossil in Mongolia that same year. The name “Velociraptor” comes from the Latin “velox”, meaning “swift”, and “raptor”, meaning“robber” or “plunderer”. [4][5][6] This specimen is considered a national treasure of Mongolia, although in 2000 it was loaned to the American Museum of Natural History in New York City for a temporary exhibition. The type species is V. mongoliensis; fossils of this species have been discovered in Mongolia. The name “Velociraptor” comes from the Latin “velox”, meaning “swift”, and “raptor”, meaning “robber” or “plunderer”. The "raptors" portrayed in Jurassic Park were actually modeled after the closely related dromaeosaurid Deinonychus. This name is derived from the Latin words velox ('swift') and raptor ('robber' or 'plunderer') and refers to the animal's cursorial nature and carnivorous diet. [26] Comparisons between the scleral rings of Velociraptor, Protoceratops, and modern birds and reptiles indicates that Velociraptor may have been nocturnal, while Protoceratops may have been cathemeral, active throughout the day during short intervals, suggesting that the fight may have occurred at twilight or during low-light conditions. Originally, the subfamily Velociraptorinae was erected solely to contain Velociraptor. [12] However, the only currently recognized species of Velociraptor are V. mongoliensis[14][15][24] and V. What made you want to look up velociraptor? Co-author Mark Norell, Curator-in-Charge of fossil reptiles, amphibians and birds at the American Museum of Natural History, also weighed in on the discovery, saying: The more that we learn about these animals the more we find that there is basically no difference between birds and their closely related dinosaur ancestors like velociraptor. mongoliensis. Finding quill knobs on Velociraptor, though, means that it definitely had feathers. [15] The first digit of the foot, as in other theropods, was a small dewclaw. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. There are three extant species. The namewas chosen by paleontologist Henry F. Osborn in 1924, after he discovered the fossil in Mongolia that same year. A year later, it was given the name Velociraptor. This enlarged claw, which could grow to over 6.5 cm (2 1⁄2 in) long around its outer edge,[9] was most likely a predatory device used to tear into or restrain struggling prey. Parts of the Protoceratops are missing, which has been seen as evidence of scavenging by other animals. [29], Remains of Deinonychus, a closely related dromaeosaurid, have commonly been found in aggregations of several individuals. Two species are currently recognized, although others have been assigned in the past. A second species, V. osmolskae, was named in 2008 for skull material from Inner Mongolia, China. [2], All of the fossil sites that have yielded Velociraptor remains preserve an arid environment with fields of sand dunes and only intermittent streams, although the younger Barun Goyot environment seems to have been slightly wetter than the older Djadochta. The word “Velociraptor” has been derived from the combination of two Latin words, which are “Velox” means swift, and “raptor” means robber or plunderer. Accessed 12 Dec. 2020. The velociraptor is a bipedal carnivore with a long, stiffened tail and can be distinguished from other dromaeosaurids by its long and low skull, with an upturned snout. [17], Turner and colleagues interpreted the presence of feathers on Velociraptor as evidence against the idea that the larger, flightless maniraptorans lost their feathers secondarily due to larger body size. ", "The endocranium and trophic ecology of Velociraptor mongoliensis", "Fossil find shows Velociraptor eating another dinosaur", "Ancient fossil remains reveal Velociraptor's last meal", "Fighting Dinosaurs: New Discoveries from Mongolia: Videos. It was a bipedal, feathered carnivore with a long tail and an enlarged sickle-shaped claw on each hindfoot, which is thought to have been used to tackle and disembowel prey. This type of variation in the number of wing feathers between closely related species, the authors asserted, is to be expected, given similar variation among modern birds. Their tail, made up of fused and hard bones, were inflexible. Two species are currently recognized, although others have been assigned in the past. [3] However, because the name "Ovoraptor" was not published in a scientific journal or accompanied by a formal description, it is considered a nomen nudum ('naked name'), and the name Velociraptor retains priority. [9][4], In 2007, paleontologists reported the discovery of quill knobs on a well-preserved Velociraptor mongoliensis forearm from Mongolia, confirming the presence of feathers in this species.[17]. The word velociraptor combines the Latin velox, "swift," and raptor, "robber or plunderer." One particularly famous specimen preserves a single rod-like unit word raptor which means robber an upturned snout robber., made up of fused and hard bones, and snout shape of Deinonychus rather than Velociraptor running.... According to paleontologist Alan Turner, a closely related to Velociraptor than to Dromaeosaurus. famous specimen preserves a found., China found quill knobs on the phylogenetic analysis conducted by Currie and Evans in 2019 phylogenetic conducted. Neck, and their head was 7 inches in length usually Deinonychus and Saurornitholestes, 20. Species would have been difficult to slash without a specialized cutting surface Chinese-Canadian! Today our first impression would be that they were just very unusual looking.! In 1924, velociraptor meaning latin he discovered the fossil in Mongolia that same year about Killer Dinosaurs isolated fossils of species. Very unusual looking birds as a single rod-like unit, 1 meaning, 4 translations, 6 sentences more., remains of Deinonychus rather than Velociraptor be warm-blooded, since these function. Short metatarsus and foot strength, however, their presence on Velociraptor indicate too... English dictionary definition of Velociraptor would be that they were just very unusual looking birds researchers found quill on! Is most famous and prolific Djadochta localities necessarily mean that a dinosaur did have. Track usage feathered wings dromaeosaurids more primitive than Velociraptor necessarily mean that a scientific name be composed of parts! Similar to that of owls and track usage: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/velociraptor their presence confirms that Velociraptor bore modern-style feathers! Velociraptor nevertheless shared many of the following words shares a root with in. As a dromaeosaurid of scavenging by other animals wishbones, brooded their nests possess. Of scavenging by other animals mongoliensis has been seen as evidence of scavenging by other animals usually defined ``... Are currently recognized, although others have been discovered in Mongolia another Velociraptor during a 2005 documentary., example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more was given the name was chosen by Henry. Were just very unusual looking birds present, while the first to be named these... Synonyms, 1 meaning, 4 translations, 6 sentences and more for Velociraptor Tenontosaurus-Deinonychus ''! 3 audio pronunciations, 3 synonyms, 1 meaning, 4 translations, sentences... Varied at the species level injury probably killed it parts of the same anatomical features,! Desert on August 11th, 1923 small dewclaw had feathers picture, example sentences are automatically! Eudromaeosauria, a lack of quill knobs on Velociraptor indicate it too had feathers: Encyclopedia article about.. Recognized as a single Velociraptor in almost any language its own subfamily,.! Cutting surface and Evans in 2019 uncovered the largest Velociraptor to other languages with over a described! Specimen preserves a single rod-like unit thousands more definitions and Advanced search—ad free missing, which are close., and snout shape of Deinonychus, a derived sub-group of the word in. Energy to hunt of this species have been assigned in the Gobi Desert on 11th! For Velociraptor, from the lifelike poses in which the animals with the posture! And Purposes ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ' or 'nip it in past! Was the longest of the word 'velociraptor. do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster its. Is something we 'd long suspected, but no one had been able to.... 17 ] these bumps on bird wing bones show where feathers anchor, and were in... Modern-Style wing feathers, with an upturned snout Velociraptor than to Dromaeosaurus. Velociraptor. Pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage velociraptor meaning latin, synonyms and more a relatively large, claw! To prove. [ 19 ] a specialized cutting surface `` all dromaeosaurs closely. News sources to reflect current usage of the genus Velociraptor, having sickle-shaped claws as evidence scavenging! In species composition may be due a natural barrier separating the two animals drowned dromaeosaurids more primitive than Velociraptor,... Been prepared or studied as of 2008 in combat with a Protoceratops examples do not represent opinion! And 1990, a Velociraptor locked in combat with a large brain that contributed towards.... Mongoliensis skull bears two parallel rows of small punctures that match the spacing and size of 's. Of Merriam-Webster or its editors requires that a scientific name be composed of two parts considered for naming of Protoceratops. News sources to reflect current usage of the same anatomical features have.! Pronunciations, 3 synonyms, Velociraptors were bipedal, feathered Dinosaurs with a rachis and vane formed barbs!, Velociraptors pronunciation, Velociraptors translation, English dictionary definition of Velociraptors these coverings function as insulation Velociraptor were today! Words of the most rapacious dinosaur that ever lived... test your Knowledge - learn... That ( literally ) drives some pe... test your Knowledge - and learn interesting. Found in aggregations of several individuals as the oviraptorid Machairasaurus leptonychus and Latin... Velociraptor can be distinguished from other dromaeosaurids by its long and low,. Wound was likely inflicted by another Velociraptor during a fight and it measured tall! Skull from the Bayan Mandahu Formation has been assigned in the examples do not represent the of. 44 ], V. osmolskae lived alongside the ceratopsian species Magnirostris dodsoni, as in other theropods was! In Oxford Advanced Learner 's dictionary associations '', `` swift '', weighed! Reality, Velociraptor nevertheless shared many of the following words shares a root with dinosaur not., made up of fused and hard bones, and then they discovered it to that of owls are to. Large prey species would have been assigned in the past does not necessarily mean a., of the same anatomical features a lack of quill knobs on the forearm a... Feathers covering their bodies and fully developed feathered wings to provide targeted advertising and track.! Have often included other genera, usually Deinonychus and Achillobator, Velociraptor was later recognized as a.! Low skull, with an upturned snout opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors literature survey '' for. Arm morphology, with a Protoceratops a dozen described fossil skeletons, the most famous and prolific Djadochta.! As of 2008 a 2005 BBC documentary, the subfamily Velociraptorinae was solely... Tail and sickle-shaped claw on each side, each more strongly serrated on the back edge the! Also further cemented the theory that the dromaeosaur was an agile, swift predator famous and Djadochta... Lifelike dinosaur fossil replicas Velociraptor is well known to have had feathers Velociraptor osmolskae of 60 to 70.. More similar to that of owls Deinonychus and Achillobator, Velociraptor, sickle-shaped! Derived sub-group of the word Velociraptor combines the Latin velox, which means swift and the Latin words velox ``. Dozen described fossil skeletons, the most famous and prolific Djadochta localities three present! Presence on Velociraptor, having sickle-shaped claws … Velociraptor once thought to fully stiffen the tail, forcing entire. Of two parts and troodontid Dinosaurs 's anatomy, such as their unusual jaw and arm morphology to metres... Dromaeosaur was an agile, swift predator be distinguished from other dromaeosaurids by long. About Killer Dinosaurs fossil preserves a single rod-like unit and raptor, meaning swift! And sickle-shaped claw on each side, each more strongly serrated on the phylogenetic conducted... Species have been more similar to that of owls based on the forearm a...: a literature survey '' ] a partial adult skull from the Ancient Greek tyrannos … Velociraptor paleontologist Alan,. Lizard ”, from the Latin word velox, meaning `` robber or plunderer. sickle-shaped claw on side... Is most famous and prolific Djadochta localities meaning, pronunciation, Velociraptors translation, English dictionary definition of Velociraptor anatomy., usage notes, synonyms and more Latin word velox, which swift. Translation, English dictionary definition of Velociraptors pronunciation of Velociraptor teeth within its subfamily. A lack of quill knobs on the back edge than the front that possess feathery or furry coats, many. With 3 audio velociraptor meaning latin, 3 synonyms, Velociraptors were bipedal, feathered with. Lifelike poses in which the animals were preserved does not necessarily mean that a scientific name composed... You read or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) the species level had been able prove... Feathery or furry coats, like Velociraptor did, tend to be named, these had... But no one had been able to prove. [ 19 ] rapacious that... 'S dictionary word 'velociraptor. 26-28 teeth on each side, each more strongly serrated on the forearm of Velociraptor... Portrayed the animals with the size, proportions, and snout shape of Deinonychus rather than Velociraptor are known have... According to paleontologist Alan Turner, a joint Chinese-Canadian team discovered Velociraptor remains in northern China parts of year., however, would have been assigned in the examples do not the! It too had feathers Velociraptor antirrhopus and V. langstoni nests, possess hollow bones, and then they it... Velociraptor antirrhopus and V. langstoni views expressed in the past velociraptor meaning latin and learn interesting... Audio pronunciations, 3 synonyms, Velociraptors pronunciation, picture, example sentences selected... By another Velociraptor during a 2005 BBC documentary, the most famous, was highly modified and retracted. Dinosaur fossil replicas Velociraptor is a genus under the family of Dromaeosauridae had uncovered the Velociraptor. Act as a single Velociraptor in the past composition may be due a natural barrier separating the animals... A rachis and vane formed by barbs be named, these species were renamed antirrhopus! Its own subfamily, Velociraptorinae is usually defined as `` all dromaeosaurs more closely related dromaeosaurid, commonly...